A. The best way to remove efflorescence is with a muriatic acid wash. This helps by washing the efflorescence off of the masonry. You can also purchase specialty cleaners to help remove efflorescence. Once the efflorescence removed from the brick work, it needs time to dry and then be sealed. It is important that the wall is not sealed with efflorescence still present on the masonry. Sealing your masonry will help prevent efflorescence in certain situations.
A. Over time chimneys seem to deteriorate due to being out in the weather. You may need your flashing looked at. This is the metal around your chimney, where it meets the roof. It is not uncommon for old flashing to fail due to high winds and deterioration over time. Another common leak point, is the chimney's cap. This is the concrete cap that is located on the very top of the chimney. The cap is hit the hardest with weather.
cracked mortar joints
A. Cracked mortar is common on old masonry work. The mortar joint can easily be ground out and replaced with new. Any cracked or broken brick can be replaced if needed.
A. Your grout in your shower will deteriorate over time. This is something that should be fixed as soon as possible. Your shower sees a lot of moisture, which can turn into leaks.
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A. This is one of the most common questions we get asked. The answer is efflorescence. The simple answer is, efflorescence is salt left on your brick once the water has passed through. There may be a few reasons you are seeing efflorescence. The number one reason is; you have water somehow getting in behind the brick work. (Failing flashing is a common reason.) The water running behind the brick is penetrating through the brick and evaporating, thus leaving the salt behind. The second reason has to do with the material you use, manufactures try to minimize the amount of water soluble salts in their products. Their products are from the earth and vary some batch to batch.
Your sprinkler system may also be causing efflorescence to show up. Check to make sure your masonry is not getting a direct spray.